Comandos de la terminal/chown

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chown

[rrc@Llawyr ~]$ chown --help
Usage: chown [OPTION]... [OWNER][:[GROUP]] FILE...
  or:  chown [OPTION]... --reference=RFILE FILE...
Change the owner and/or group of each FILE to OWNER and/or GROUP.
With --reference, change the owner and group of each FILE to those of RFILE.

  -c, --changes          like verbose but report only when a change is made
  -f, --silent, --quiet  suppress most error messages
  -v, --verbose          output a diagnostic for every file processed
      --dereference      affect the referent of each symbolic link (this is
                         the default), rather than the symbolic link itself
  -h, --no-dereference   affect symbolic links instead of any referenced file
                         (useful only on systems that can change the
                         ownership of a symlink)
      --from=CURRENT_OWNER:CURRENT_GROUP
                         change the owner and/or group of each file only if
                         its current owner and/or group match those specified
                         here.  Either may be omitted, in which case a match
                         is not required for the omitted attribute
      --no-preserve-root  do not treat '/' specially (the default)
      --preserve-root    fail to operate recursively on '/'
      --reference=RFILE  use RFILE's owner and group rather than
                         specifying OWNER:GROUP values
  -R, --recursive        operate on files and directories recursively

The following options modify how a hierarchy is traversed when the -R
option is also specified.  If more than one is specified, only the final
one takes effect.

  -H                     if a command line argument is a symbolic link
                         to a directory, traverse it
  -L                     traverse every symbolic link to a directory
                         encountered
  -P                     do not traverse any symbolic links (default)

      --help     display this help and exit
      --version  output version information and exit

Owner is unchanged if missing.  Group is unchanged if missing, but changed
to login group if implied by a ':' following a symbolic OWNER.
OWNER and GROUP may be numeric as well as symbolic.

Examples:
  chown root /u        Change the owner of /u to "root".
  chown root:staff /u  Likewise, but also change its group to "staff".
  chown -hR root /u    Change the owner of /u and subfiles to "root".

Report chown bugs to bug-coreutils@gnu.org
GNU coreutils home page: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/>
General help using GNU software: <http://www.gnu.org/gethelp/>
For complete documentation, run: info coreutils 'chown invocation'
[rrc@Llawyr ~]$ 

[rrc@Llawyr ~]$ chown --version
chown (GNU coreutils) 8.21
Copyright (C) 2013 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

Written by David MacKenzie and Jim Meyering.

[root@Llawyr ComandosDeLaTerminal]# chown bin typescript 
[root@Llawyr ComandosDeLaTerminal]# ls -al typescript 
-rw------- 1 bin rrc 1359 Nov 16 13:16 typescript

[root@Llawyr ComandosDeLaTerminal]# chown rrc.bin typescript 
[root@Llawyr ComandosDeLaTerminal]# ls -al typescript 
-rw------- 1 rrc bin 1359 Nov 16 13:16 typescript

[root@Llawyr ComandosDeLaTerminal]# chown root:root typescript 
[root@Llawyr ComandosDeLaTerminal]# ls -al typescript 
-rw------- 1 root root 1359 Nov 16 13:16 typescript

[root@Llawyr ComandosDeLaTerminal]# chown -v rrc.rrc typescript 
changed ownership of ‘typescript’ from root:root to rrc:rrc

[root@Llawyr ComandosDeLaTerminal]# ls -alR Carpeta1/
Carpeta1/:
total 12
drwxr-xr-x  3 rrc rrc 4096 Mar  4 12:44 ./
drwx------ 12 rrc rrc 4096 Mar  4 12:44 ../
drwxr-xr-x  3 rrc rrc 4096 Mar  4 12:44 Carpeta2/

Carpeta1/Carpeta2:
total 12
drwxr-xr-x 3 rrc rrc 4096 Mar  4 12:44 ./
drwxr-xr-x 3 rrc rrc 4096 Mar  4 12:44 ../
drwxr-xr-x 2 rrc rrc 4096 Mar  4 12:44 Carpeta3/

Carpeta1/Carpeta2/Carpeta3:
total 8
drwxr-xr-x 2 rrc rrc 4096 Mar  4 12:44 ./
drwxr-xr-x 3 rrc rrc 4096 Mar  4 12:44 ../
[root@Llawyr ComandosDeLaTerminal]# chown -R rrc.bin Carpeta1
[root@Llawyr ComandosDeLaTerminal]# ls -alR Carpeta1/
Carpeta1/:
total 12
drwxr-xr-x  3 rrc bin 4096 Mar  4 12:44 ./
drwx------ 12 rrc rrc 4096 Mar  4 12:44 ../
drwxr-xr-x  3 rrc bin 4096 Mar  4 12:44 Carpeta2/

Carpeta1/Carpeta2:
total 12
drwxr-xr-x 3 rrc bin 4096 Mar  4 12:44 ./
drwxr-xr-x 3 rrc bin 4096 Mar  4 12:44 ../
drwxr-xr-x 2 rrc bin 4096 Mar  4 12:44 Carpeta3/

Carpeta1/Carpeta2/Carpeta3:
total 8
drwxr-xr-x 2 rrc bin 4096 Mar  4 12:44 ./
drwxr-xr-x 3 rrc bin 4096 Mar  4 12:44 ../

[root@Llawyr ComandosDeLaTerminal]# ln -s Carpeta1 ChownPrueba
[root@Llawyr ComandosDeLaTerminal]# ls -al ChownPrueba/
total 12
drwxr-xr-x  3 rrc  bin  4096 Mar  5 11:45 ./
drwx------ 12 rrc  rrc  4096 Mar  5 11:46 ../
drwxr-xr-x  3 rrc  bin  4096 Mar  4 12:44 Carpeta2/
lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root   11 Mar  5 11:45 ChownPrueba -> ChownPrueba

[root@Llawyr ComandosDeLaTerminal]# chown -RP root.bin ChownPrueba
[root@Llawyr ComandosDeLaTerminal]# ls -al ChownPrueba/
total 12
drwxr-xr-x  3 rrc  bin  4096 Mar  5 11:45 ./
drwx------ 12 rrc  rrc  4096 Mar  5 11:46 ../
drwxr-xr-x  3 rrc  bin  4096 Mar  4 12:44 Carpeta2/
lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root   11 Mar  5 11:45 ChownPrueba -> ChownPrueba

[root@Llawyr ComandosDeLaTerminal]# chown -RP root.bin Carpeta1
[root@Llawyr ComandosDeLaTerminal]# ls -al ChownPrueba/
total 12
drwxr-xr-x  3 root bin 4096 Mar  5 11:45 ./
drwx------ 12 rrc  rrc 4096 Mar  5 11:46 ../
drwxr-xr-x  3 root bin 4096 Mar  4 12:44 Carpeta2/
lrwxrwxrwx  1 root bin   11 Mar  5 11:45 ChownPrueba -> ChownPrueba