Comandos de la terminal/cpio

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cpio

[rrc@Llawyr ~]$ cpio --help
Usage: cpio [OPTION...] [destination-directory]
GNU `cpio' copies files to and from archives

Examples:
  # Copy files named in name-list to the archive
  cpio -o < name-list [> archive]
  # Extract files from the archive
  cpio -i [< archive]
  # Copy files named in name-list to destination-directory
  cpio -p destination-directory < name-list

 Main operation mode:
  -i, --extract              Extract files from an archive (run in copy-in
                             mode)
  -o, --create               Create the archive (run in copy-out mode)
  -p, --pass-through         Run in copy-pass mode
  -t, --list                 Print a table of contents of the input

 Operation modifiers valid in any mode:

      --block-size=BLOCK-SIZE   Set the I/O block size to BLOCK-SIZE * 512
                             bytes
  -B                         Set the I/O block size to 5120 bytes
  -c                         Use the old portable (ASCII) archive format
  -C, --io-size=NUMBER       Set the I/O block size to the given NUMBER of
                             bytes
      --force-local          Archive file is local, even if its name contains
                             colons
  -f, --nonmatching          Only copy files that do not match any of the given
                             patterns
  -F, --file=[[USER@]HOST:]FILE-NAME
                             Use this FILE-NAME instead of standard input or
                             output. Optional USER and HOST specify the user
                             and host names in case of a remote archive
  -H, --format=FORMAT        Use given archive FORMAT
  -M, --message=STRING       Print STRING when the end of a volume of the
                             backup media is reached
  -n, --numeric-uid-gid      In the verbose table of contents listing, show
                             numeric UID and GID
      --quiet                Do not print the number of blocks copied
      --rsh-command=COMMAND  Use remote COMMAND instead of rsh
  -v, --verbose              Verbosely list the files processed
  -V, --dot                  Print a "." for each file processed
  -W, --warning=FLAG         Control warning display. Currently FLAG is one of
                             'none', 'truncate', 'all'. Multiple options
                             accumulate.

 Operation modifiers valid only in copy-in mode:

  -b, --swap                 Swap both halfwords of words and bytes of
                             halfwords in the data. Equivalent to -sS
  -r, --rename               Interactively rename files
  -s, --swap-bytes           Swap the bytes of each halfword in the files
  -S, --swap-halfwords       Swap the halfwords of each word (4 bytes) in the
                             files
      --to-stdout            Extract files to standard output

  -E, --pattern-file=FILE    Read additional patterns specifying filenames to
                             extract or list from FILE
      --only-verify-crc      When reading a CRC format archive, only verify the
                             CRC's of each file in the archive, don't actually
                             extract the files

 Operation modifiers valid only in copy-out mode:

  -A, --append               Append to an existing archive.
  -O [[USER@]HOST:]FILE-NAME Archive filename to use instead of standard
                             output. Optional USER and HOST specify the user
                             and host names in case of a remote archive

 Operation modifiers valid only in copy-pass mode:

  -l, --link                 Link files instead of copying them, when
                             possible

 Operation modifiers valid in copy-in and copy-out modes:

      --absolute-filenames   Do not strip file system prefix components from
                             the file names
      --no-absolute-filenames   Create all files relative to the current
                             directory

 Operation modifiers valid in copy-out and copy-pass modes:

  -0, --null                 A list of filenames is terminated by a null
                             character instead of a newline
  -a, --reset-access-time    Reset the access times of files after reading them
                            
  -I [[USER@]HOST:]FILE-NAME Archive filename to use instead of standard input.
                             Optional USER and HOST specify the user and host
                             names in case of a remote archive
  -L, --dereference          Dereference  symbolic  links  (copy  the files
                             that they point to instead of copying the links).
  -R, --owner=[USER][:.][GROUP]   Set the ownership of all files created to the
                             specified USER and/or GROUP

 Operation modifiers valid in copy-in and copy-pass modes:

  -d, --make-directories     Create leading directories where needed
  -m, --preserve-modification-time
                             Retain previous file modification times when
                             creating files
      --no-preserve-owner    Do not change the ownership of the files
      --sparse               Write files with large blocks of zeros as sparse
                             files
  -u, --unconditional        Replace all files unconditionally

  -?, --help                 give this help list
      --usage                give a short usage message
      --version              print program version

Mandatory or optional arguments to long options are also mandatory or optional
for any corresponding short options.

Report bugs to <bug-cpio@gnu.org>.

[rrc@Llawyr ~]$ cpio --version
cpio (GNU cpio) 2.11
Copyright (C) 2010 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

Written by Phil Nelson, David MacKenzie, John Oleynick,
and Sergey Poznyakoff.

[rrc@Llawyr ComandosDeLaTerminal]$ su -c "rpm -qf $( which cpio )"
Password: 
cpio-2.11-6.mga4

[rrc@Llawyr BashClase]$ ls S*.sh | cpio -ov > Ejemplos.cpio
S10.sh
S11.sh
S12Eval.sh
 .
 .
 .
S7.sh
S8.sh
S9.sh
23 blocks

[rrc@Llawyr BashClase]$ ls -alh Ejemplos.cpio 
-rw------- 1 rrc rrc 12K Oct 10 11:49 ../BashClase/Ejemplos.cpio

[rrc@Llawyr BashClase]$ cpio -itF Ejemplos.cpio 
S10.sh
S11.sh
S12Eval.sh
 .
 .
 .
S5.sh
S6.sh
S7.sh
S8.sh
S9.sh
23 blocks

[rrc@Llawyr BashClase]$ cd ..

[rrc@Llawyr ~]$ find BashClase -print | cpio -ov > BashClaseConFind.cpio 
BashClase
BashClase/S6.sh
BashClase/5.Ztv
BashClase/S27.sh
 .
 .
 .
BashClase/S19.sh
BashClase/1.bak
BashClase/S22.sh
25 blocks

[rrc@Llawyr ~]$ ls -alh BashClaseConFind.cpio 
-rw------- 1 rrc rrc 13K Oct 10 11:40 BashClaseConFind.cpio

[rrc@Llawyr ~]$ cpio -itF BashClaseConFind.cpio
BashClase
BashClase/S6.sh
BashClase/5.Ztv
BashClase/S27.sh
BashClase/S14.sh
 .
 .
 .
BashClase/S19.sh
BashClase/1.bak
BashClase/S22.sh
25 blocks

[rrc@Llawyr ~]$ cd ComandosDeLaTerminal/

[rrc@Llawyr ComandosDeLaTerminal]$ ls Uniq* | cpio -ovH tar -F UniqCpioTo.tar
Uniq.cpio
UniqEjemplo
UniqEjemplo.bz2
UniqEjemploConLineasVacios
UniqEjemploConLineasVacios.bz2
UniqEjemploMayusc
UniqEjemploMayusc.bz2
UniqEjemploMinusc
UniqEjemploMinusc.bz2
UniqSortEjemplo
UniqSortEjemplo.bz2
26 blocks

[rrc@Llawyr ComandosDeLaTerminal]$ ls -al UniqCpioTo.tar 
-rw------- 1 rrc rrc 13312 Oct 10 12:14 UniqCpioTo.tar

[rrc@Llawyr ComandosDeLaTerminal]$ file UniqCpioTo.tar 
UniqCpioTo.tar: tar archive

[rrc@Llawyr ComandosDeLaTerminal]$ tar -tvf UniqCpioTo.tar 
-rw------- 500/500        1536 2014-10-10 12:01 Uniq.cpio
-rw------- 500/500          48 2014-01-02 04:53 UniqEjemplo
-rw------- 500/500          73 2014-01-02 04:53 UniqEjemplo.bz2
-rw------- 500/500          54 2014-04-01 16:58 UniqEjemploConLineasVacios
-rw------- 500/500          77 2014-04-01 16:58 UniqEjemploConLineasVacios.bz2
-rw------- 500/500          34 2014-04-01 16:53 UniqEjemploMayusc
-rw------- 500/500          65 2014-04-01 16:53 UniqEjemploMayusc.bz2
-rw------- 500/500          34 2014-04-01 16:54 UniqEjemploMinusc
-rw------- 500/500          62 2014-04-01 16:54 UniqEjemploMinusc.bz2
-rw------- 500/500          48 2014-01-02 04:58 UniqSortEjemplo
-rw------- 500/500          71 2014-01-02 04:58 UniqSortEjemplo.bz2


[rrc@Llawyr ComandosDeLaTerminal]$ cpio -ivF ../BashClaseConFind.cpio 
BashClase
BashClase/S6.sh
BashClase/5.Ztv
BashClase/S27.sh
 .
 .
 .
BashClase/2.Ztv
BashClase/S19.sh
BashClase/1.bak
BashClase/S22.sh
25 blocks

[rrc@Llawyr ComandosDeLaTerminal]$ cpio -ivF ../BashClaseConFind.cpio
BashClase
cpio: BashClase/S6.sh not created: newer or same age version exists
BashClase/S6.sh
cpio: BashClase/5.Ztv not created: newer or same age version exists
BashClase/5.Ztv
cpio: BashClase/S27.sh not created: newer or same age version exists
BashClase/S27.sh
 .
 .
 .
cpio: BashClase/S19.sh not created: newer or same age version exists
BashClase/S19.sh
cpio: BashClase/1.bak not created: newer or same age version exists
BashClase/1.bak
cpio: BashClase/S22.sh not created: newer or same age version exists
BashClase/S22.sh
25 blocks

[rrc@Llawyr ComandosDeLaTerminal]$ cpio -iuvF ../BashClaseConFind.cpio 
BashClase
BashClase/S6.sh
BashClase/5.Ztv
BashClase/S27.sh
 .
 .
 .
BashClase/2.Ztv
BashClase/S19.sh
BashClase/1.bak
BashClase/S22.sh
25 blocks