Comandos de la terminal/find

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find

[rrc@Pridd ~]$ find --help
Usage: find [-H] [-L] [-P] [-Olevel] [-D help|tree|search|stat|rates|opt|exec] [path...] [expression]

default path is the current directory; default expression is -print
expression may consist of: operators, options, tests, and actions:

operators (decreasing precedence; -and is implicit where no others are given):
      ( EXPR )   ! EXPR   -not EXPR   EXPR1 -a EXPR2   EXPR1 -and EXPR2
      EXPR1 -o EXPR2   EXPR1 -or EXPR2   EXPR1 , EXPR2

positional options (always true): -daystart -follow -regextype

normal options (always true, specified before other expressions):
      -depth --help -maxdepth LEVELS -mindepth LEVELS -mount -noleaf
      --version -xdev -ignore_readdir_race -noignore_readdir_race

tests (N can be +N or -N or N): -amin N -anewer FILE -atime N -cmin N
      -cnewer FILE -ctime N -empty -false -fstype TYPE -gid N -group NAME
      -ilname PATTERN -iname PATTERN -inum N -iwholename PATTERN -iregex PATTERN
      -links N -lname PATTERN -mmin N -mtime N -name PATTERN -newer FILE
      -nouser -nogroup -path PATTERN -perm [-/]MODE -regex PATTERN
      -readable -writable -executable
      -wholename PATTERN -size N[bcwkMG] -true -type [bcdpflsD] -uid N
      -used N -user NAME -xtype [bcdpfls]
      -context CONTEXT


actions: -delete -print0 -printf FORMAT -fprintf FILE FORMAT -print 
      -fprint0 FILE -fprint FILE -ls -fls FILE -prune -quit
      -exec COMMAND ; -exec COMMAND {} + -ok COMMAND ;
      -execdir COMMAND ; -execdir COMMAND {} + -okdir COMMAND ;

Report (and track progress on fixing) bugs via the findutils bug-reporting
page at http://savannah.gnu.org/ or, if you have no web access, by sending
email to <bug-findutils@gnu.org>.

[rrc@Pridd ~]$ find --version
find (GNU findutils) 4.5.12
Copyright (C) 2012 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

Written by Eric B. Decker, James Youngman, and Kevin Dalley.
Features enabled: D_TYPE O_NOFOLLOW(enabled) LEAF_OPTIMISATION FTS(FTS_CWDFD) CBO(level=2) 

[rrc@Pridd ~]$ man find
[rrc@Pridd ~]$ find /var/www -name index.php
/var/www/garcon.linuxcabal.org/index.php
/var/www/prestamosabastos.mx/index.php
/var/www/calidadcasera.mx/index.php
/var/www/wnsoluciones.mx/index.php
/var/www/www.mxrep.mx/index.php
/var/www/almastock.asambiental.mx/index.php
/var/www/mediawiki/index.php
/var/www/mediawiki/mw-config/index.php
/var/www/mediawiki/config/index.php
/var/www/defaultNuevaWWW/index.php
/var/www/html/admin/php5coder/index.php
/var/www/html/linuxcabal.com/index.php
/var/www/html/linuxcabal.com/4toCongresoSoftwareLibreUNAM/index.php
/var/www/html/linuxcabal.org/index.phprm
/var/www/html/linuxcabal.org/ArduinoCabal/index.php
/var/www/html/linuxcabal.org/PHPCabal/index.php
/var/www/html/linuxcabal.org/PHPDev/htdocs/index.php
/var/www/html/linuxcabal.org/PythonCabal/index.php
/var/www/html/linuxcabal.org/4toCongresoSoftwareLibreUNAM/index.php

[rrc@Llawyr ~]$ find . -name ComandosDeLaTerminal
./ComandosDeLaTerminal

[rrc@Llawyr ~]$ find . -iname ComandosDeLaTerminal
./ComandosDeLaTerminal
./ComandosDeLaTerminal/comandosDeLaterMINal

[rrc@Llawyr ~]$ find /var/www/html -type d -name images
/var/www/html/nova/carrera20041023/images
/var/www/html/nova/images
/var/www/html/iovatious/images
/var/www/html/coffeenet/images
/var/www/html/images
/var/www/html/richard/images
/var/www/html/MexHoliday/images
/var/www/html/PaulTaylor/images
/var/www/html/linuxcabal.org/Microsoft20080925Images/images
/var/www/html/linuxcabal.org/Aniversario2006Images/images
/var/www/html/linuxcabal.org/AsociacionCivilImages/images
/var/www/html/linuxcabal.org/10thRTLW20081025Images/images
/var/www/html/linuxcabal.org/RMS20050926Images/images
 .
 .
 ./var/www/html/linuxcabal.com/EnSuDerecho20130703Images/images
/var/www/html/linuxcabal.com/ITSdeTantoyuca20060620Images/images
/var/www/html/linuxcabal.com/HospRegLaBarca20081114Images/images
/var/www/html/linuxcabal.com/FLISoL20070428Images/images

[rrc@Llawyr ~]$ find ComandosDeLaTerminal -type f -name "Cat*"
ComandosDeLaTerminal/CatArchivo
ComandosDeLaTerminal/CatArchivo2
ComandosDeLaTerminal/CatArchivo3

[rrc@Llawyr ~]$ find . -type f -perm 0777 -print
./ComandosDeLaTerminal/WCEjemplo

[rrc@Llawyr ~]$ find . -type f -perm 777 -print
./ComandosDeLaTerminal/WCEjemplo

[rrc@Llawyr ~]$ ls -al ComandosDeLaTerminal/WCEjemplo 
-rwxrwxrwx 1 rrc rrc 45 Jan  2  2014 ComandosDeLaTerminal/WCEjemplo*

[rrc@Llawyr ~]$ find ComandosDeLaTerminal -type d -perm 700
ComandosDeLaTerminal
ComandosDeLaTerminal/UmaskPruebaCarpeta
ComandosDeLaTerminal/NuevaCarpeta2
ComandosDeLaTerminal/NuevaCarpeta
ComandosDeLaTerminal/Algo2013Dir
ComandosDeLaTerminal/Carpeta1/Carpeta2

[rrc@Llawyr ~]$ find ComandosDeLaTerminal -type d ! -perm 700
ComandosDeLaTerminal/Carpeta21
ComandosDeLaTerminal/Carpeta21/Carpeta22
ComandosDeLaTerminal/Carpeta21/Carpeta22/Carpeta33
ComandosDeLaTerminal/Carpeta21/Carpeta22/Carpeta23
ComandosDeLaTerminal/NuevaCarpeta4
ComandosDeLaTerminal/Carpeta11
ComandosDeLaTerminal/Carpeta11/Carpeta12
ComandosDeLaTerminal/Carpeta11/Carpeta12/Carpeta13
ComandosDeLaTerminal/Carpeta2
ComandosDeLaTerminal/NuevaCarpeta5
ComandosDeLaTerminal/NuevaCarpeta3
ComandosDeLaTerminal/UmaskPruebaCarpeta2
ComandosDeLaTerminal/NuevaCarpeta6
ComandosDeLaTerminal/Carpeta1

[rrc@Llawyr ~]$ find /bin   -perm /u=s

[rrc@Llawyr ~]$ find /usr/bin   -perm /u=s
/usr/bin/su
/usr/bin/crontab
/usr/bin/batch
/usr/bin/chsh
/usr/bin/pkexec
/usr/bin/gpgsm
/usr/bin/procmail
/usr/bin/newgrp
/usr/bin/cdrdao
/usr/bin/ping
/usr/bin/ping6
/usr/bin/gpasswd
/usr/bin/fusermount
/usr/bin/passwd
/usr/bin/at
/usr/bin/lppasswd
/usr/bin/Xwrapper
/usr/bin/umount
/usr/bin/chfn
/usr/bin/mount

[rrc@Llawyr ~]$ find -L /bin  -perm /u=s
/bin/su
/bin/crontab
/bin/batch
/bin/X
/bin/atrm
/bin/chsh
/bin/pkexec
/bin/gpgsm
/bin/procmail
/bin/newgrp
/bin/cdrdao
/bin/sg
/bin/ping
/bin/ping6
/bin/gpasswd
/bin/fusermount
/bin/passwd
/bin/at
/bin/lppasswd
/bin/Xwrapper
/bin/atq
/bin/umount
/bin/chfn
/bin/mount

[rrc@Llawyr ~]$ find ComandosDeLaTerminal -type f -perm 0777 -print -exec chmod 644 {} \;
ComandosDeLaTerminal/WCEjemplo

[rrc@Llawyr ~]$ ls -al ComandosDeLaTerminal/WCEjemplo 
-rw-r--r-- 1 rrc rrc 45 Jan  2  2014 ComandosDeLaTerminal/WCEjemplo

[rrc@Llawyr ~]$ find . -name "*~"
./.vimrc~
./Music/loadmp3.sh~
./.config/monitors.xml~
./Titles~

[rrc@Llawyr ~]$ find . -name "*~" -exec rm {} \;

[rrc@Llawyr ~]$ find . -name "*~"

[rrc@Llawyr ~]$ find ComandosDeLaTerminal/ -type f -empty
ComandosDeLaTerminal/OutTxt
ComandosDeLaTerminal/DelMe3
ComandosDeLaTerminal/LSList
ComandosDeLaTerminal/File
ComandosDeLaTerminal/Archivo3DeTres
ComandosDeLaTerminal/TouchArchivo
ComandosDeLaTerminal/FileKill
ComandosDeLaTerminal/Archivo1DeTres
ComandosDeLaTerminal/ArDeTres
ComandosDeLaTerminal/File3
ComandosDeLaTerminal/ArchivodeTres
ComandosDeLaTerminal/comandosDeLaterMINal
ComandosDeLaTerminal/UmaskPruebaArchivo2~
ComandosDeLaTerminal/UmaskPruebaArchivo
ComandosDeLaTerminal/Carpeta1/Carpeta2/Archivo
ComandosDeLaTerminal/File1
ComandosDeLaTerminal/ArD
ComandosDeLaTerminal/DelMe
ComandosDeLaTerminal/Archivo2DeTres
ComandosDeLaTerminal/File2

[rrc@Llawyr ~]$ find . ! -user rrc -exec ls -al {} \;
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 32768 Aug 20 15:57 ./.local/share/gvfs-metadata/root-c9c9d49b.log
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 32768 Aug 20 15:57 ./.local/share/gvfs-metadata/home-2415262f.log
brw-rw---- 1 root cdrom 11, 0 Aug  7 08:38 ./ComandosDeLaTerminal/sr0
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 8376 Aug  9 07:53 ./Downloads/xdemineur-2.1.1/demineur.o
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 4200 Aug  9 07:53 ./Downloads/xdemineur-2.1.1/main.o
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1688 Aug  9 07:53 ./Downloads/xdemineur-2.1.1/util.o
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 29230 Aug  9 07:52 ./Downloads/xdemineur-2.1.1/Makefile

[rrc@Llawyr ~]$ find . ! -group rrc -exec ls -al {} \;
-rw-rw-r-- 1 rrc nogroup 8390 Aug 12 16:30 ./ImadineProj/jdORIG.xlsx
-rw-rw-r-- 1 rrc nogroup 144850 Aug 12 16:30 ./ImadineProj/jd.xlsx
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 32768 Aug 20 15:57 ./.local/share/gvfs-metadata/root-c9c9d49b.log
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 32768 Aug 20 15:57 ./.local/share/gvfs-metadata/home-2415262f.log
brw-rw---- 1 root cdrom 11, 0 Aug  7 08:38 ./ComandosDeLaTerminal/sr0
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 8376 Aug  9 07:53 ./Downloads/xdemineur-2.1.1/demineur.o
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 4200 Aug  9 07:53 ./Downloads/xdemineur-2.1.1/main.o
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1688 Aug  9 07:53 ./Downloads/xdemineur-2.1.1/util.o
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 29230 Aug  9 07:52 ./Downloads/xdemineur-2.1.1/Makefile

[rrc@Llawyr ~]$ for i in {0..10}; do echo $i; find ComandosDeLaTerminal/ -ctime $i; done
0
ComandosDeLaTerminal/
ComandosDeLaTerminal/index.html~
ComandosDeLaTerminal/WCEjemplo
ComandosDeLaTerminal/UmaskPruebaArchivo2
ComandosDeLaTerminal/comandosDeLaterMINal
ComandosDeLaTerminal/index.html
ComandosDeLaTerminal/UmaskPruebaArchivo2~
1
2
3
4
5
6
ComandosDeLaTerminal/S27.sh
ComandosDeLaTerminal/UmaskPruebaCarpeta
ComandosDeLaTerminal/UmaskPruebaCarpeta/MiArchivo
7
8
9
10

[rrc@Llawyr ~]$ for i in {20..30}; do echo $i; find ComandosDeLaTerminal/ -cmin $i; done
20
21
22
23
24
25
ComandosDeLaTerminal/
ComandosDeLaTerminal/index.html~
ComandosDeLaTerminal/WCEjemplo
ComandosDeLaTerminal/index.html
26
ComandosDeLaTerminal/UmaskPruebaArchivo2
ComandosDeLaTerminal/UmaskPruebaArchivo2~
27
28
29
30

[rrc@Llawyr ~]$  find ComandosDeLaTerminal -cmin -120
ComandosDeLaTerminal
ComandosDeLaTerminal/index.html~
ComandosDeLaTerminal/WCEjemplo
ComandosDeLaTerminal/UmaskPruebaArchivo2
ComandosDeLaTerminal/comandosDeLaterMINal
ComandosDeLaTerminal/index.html
ComandosDeLaTerminal/UmaskPruebaArchivo2~

[rrc@Llawyr ~]$  find ComandosDeLaTerminal -size +1000
ComandosDeLaTerminal/nohup.out
[rrc@Llawyr ~]$ ls -al ComandosDeLaTerminal/nohup.out 
-rw------- 1 rrc rrc 1013278 Apr 12 16:54 ComandosDeLaTerminal/nohup.out

[rrc@Llawyr ~]$  find /var/www/wnsoluciones.mx -type d -exec chmod 2775 {} \;
[rrc@Llawyr ~]$  find /var/www/wnsoluciones.mx -type f -exec chmod 664 {} \;